SANA also quoted a source at the Syrian Foreign Ministry who said on 5 February that the regime had “condemned” Erdogan`s statements regarding the TAF`s entry into the region, in accordance with the Adana agreement. In a speech to the Turkish Military Academy on Thursday, Erdogan hinted that the Russian proposal could work: “[The Adana agreement] was based on the handover of the separatist terrorist organization to us. The fact that the agreement was reached during our discussions with President Putin helps us to better understand that we need to emphasize. Ankara accuses the Syrian regime of not respecting the agreement and says it must enter Syria to protect its borders from the PKK YPG member organization. The agreement signed in the southern turkish city of Adana was aimed at allaying Ankara`s fears about the PKK terrorist group`s presence in Syria. During its decades of campaigning of terror, the PKK has killed 40,000 people in Turkey, including women, children and young children. It is also considered a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. The Adana agreement also provided for Turkey and Syria to enter into a reciprocal agreement in which they abstained from any military activity that would jeopardize the security of the other. He said that Turkey had put the agreement back on the agenda because the Syrian regime had not respected it and had fought the ramifications of the PKK in its territories, which led to the activation of ARTICLE 51 of the UN, which grants Ankara the right to self-defence in the event of armed attacks.
Turkey is trying to create new conditions to play forcefully with Russia on a new agreement, a new agreement that allows Turkey to intervene more in Syria than the provision of the Adana agreement. In addition, Turkey is seeking to improve its national security by strengthening its (military) presence in Idlib province, which is considered a border region. This is the conclusion of Enab Baladi in an investigation entitled: “Idlib is hostage for two guarantors… Who`s going to claim victory? The Adana agreement was the result of a mediation effort by Egypt and Iran and responded to Turkish demands for Syria to stop its support for the PKK, turn the group into a “terrorist” organization and dislodge its leader Abdullah Ocalan from the country. The Adana agreement between the then Turkish President, Saleyman Demirel, and the late Syrian President Hafez al-Assad was re-discussed in foreign policy circles last week, 21 years after it was signed. “This agreement paves the way for Turkey to enter in the event of adverse events,” President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, two days after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin at a rally in the eastern province of Erzurum, reaffirming his willingness to fully implement the agreement. “Syria, on the basis of the principle of reciprocity, will not allow activities that depart from its territory and are supposed to jeopardize Turkey`s security and stability. Syria will not allow the supply of PKK weapons, logistical equipment, financial support and propaganda activities on its territory,” an article in the agreement said.
The Adana agreement was put back on the negotiating table after Turkey has a clear military presence in the Syrian territories and intends to establish a “safe zone” east of the Euphrates River in northern Syria, in agreement with Washington. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called for a new discussion on the Adana agreement on 24 January 2019. The Sochi agreement provides for the creation of a demilitarized zone 15 to 20 kilometres deep in the Idlib de-escalation zone. Russia – a staunch ally of al-Assad – proposed on Tuesday, during a meeting between Presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, that any rapprochement between Syria and Turkey be based on the Adana agreement.