Search And Rescue Agreements

The treaty coordinates the International Search and Rescue Organization (SAR) in the Arctic and defines the territory of the sar responsibility of each contracting state. [1] In view of the competing territorial claims in the Arctic, the treaty provides that “the delimitation of search and rescue zones is not related to the delimitation of a border between states or their sovereignty, sovereignty or jurisdiction, nor does it interfere with that situation.” The agreement aims to strengthen cooperation and coordination in the Arctic with respect to search and rescue operations at sea and search for the “territory” of contracting parties (e.g., land zones, inland and territorial waters, as well as overly powerful airspace). These measures are implemented on the basis of the 1979 International Convention on the Search and Rescue of Senile Naval Forces (the “SAR Convention”) and the 1944 International Civil Aviation Convention (the “Chicago Convention”), with additional guidelines from the International Manual for The Search and Rescue of Aeronautical Operations (the “IAMSAR Manual”). Contracting parties may request entry to other contracting parties for search and rescue purposes (including refuelling) and should be informed as soon as possible if such entry has been authorized and, if so, under what conditions, if any, the mission may be carried out. In these cases, the law and international obligations apply a border crossing procedure as quickly as possible. Search and rescue zones are defined for each party, which are required to create, operate and maintain an “appropriate and effective search and rescue capability” in well-defined areas of their territory. The “competent authority” of each party is also identified, with Canada being Minister of National Defence. Search and rescue authorities are also identified for each party that, in the case of Canada, is the Canadian Forces and the Canadian Coast Guard. The “Rescue Coordination Centre” (RCC) of each party for aviation and shipping is identified. In Canada, the RCC is the Joint Rescue Coordination Centre in Trenton, Ontario. As part of the agreement, contracting parties are required to exchange information that improves the efficiency of search and rescue operations (e.g., communications). B, search and rescue, refuelling, supply and medical facilities, airfields and ports, and their refuelling and resupply capabilities).

They must also promote cooperation by taking into account cooperation on many issues (for example. B the exchange of experiences and visits, the exchange of observations, ship notification systems, information systems, support services, joint research and development initiatives and exercises).

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